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Sindh bans ‘inappropriate’ content in CAIE textbooks



The School Education and Literacy Department (SELD) of Sindh has banned the teaching of “objectionable” articles published in Cambridge books and ordered that publishers remove these articles from books.

In a letter to the director general of private schools and director general of school education, SELD Chief Adviser Fauzia Khan shared two essays that had been found “inappropriate” and advised that they be alert that “the controversial/banned syllabus and textbooks are not used in the public and private institutions of Sindh”.

The first of the banned articles is currently part of the O-Level syllabus from the coursebook for Sociology under the chapter The Family with the sub-heading “Same Sex Family”.

“[This subhead] has been investigated and [it has been] found that the content is highly controversial which was a part of Cambridge Assessment International Education (CAIE) O-Level syllabus of Sociology 2251 for 2025-27,” Khan’s letter read.

She further added: “It was also revealed that in Paper-2, Unit-4, under the heading different types of family, the term same-sex family has been added for 2023-24 examination and same has been further extended within the topic where same-sex marriages are mentioned.”

The chief adviser said that the essay was found to be “extremely controversial” and against the teachings of Islam as well as social norms.

Another issue that has been highlighted is chapter 15 of “The History and Culture of Pakistan” authored by Nigel Kelly. 

“Chapter 15 of the textbook contains controversial material against singled-out political leaders of the country,” Khan added.

She further stated: “Text on alleged corruption without mentioning that it could be proven in a court of law is also intellectual dishonesty and claiming these issues to be the highlight of any specific political leader is counterproductive to national harmony and the spirit of understanding each other.”

Additional Director of Directorate of Private Institutions Sindh Prof Rafia Mallah said that publishers and schools have included these topics in the course without the approval of the Sindh government.

Moreover, Khan’s letter added that the federal ministry has issued letters to CAIE, Cambridge University Press Pakistan, and Danish Publishers Pakistan, immediately banning said textbooks in schools in the federal capital. They have also been issued notices demanding an explanation regarding the publication of “inappropriate” content without getting a no-objection certificate (NOC).

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Moody’s says the IMF programme will increase Pakistan’s foreign financing.




Moody’s, a reputable international rating agency, has stated that Pakistan’s chances of acquiring funding will increase as a result of the recent agreement with the International Monetary Fund (IMF), which offers dependable sources for that purpose from both friendly countries and international financial institutions.

According to a recent Moody’s analysis on Pakistan’s economy, social unrest and tensions could result from Pakistan’s ongoing inflation. The country’s economic reforms may be hampered by increased taxes and potential changes to the energy tariff, it continued.

Moody’s, on the other hand, agrees that the coalition government headed by Shehbaz Sharif of the PML-N is in danger of failing to secure an election mandate, which may potentially undermine the successful and long-lasting execution of economic reforms.

The government’s capacity to proceed with economic changes may be hampered by societal unrest and poor governance, according to Moody’s.

In order to appease the IMF by fulfilling a prerequisite for authorising a rescue package, the government raised the basic tariff on electricity, which coincided with the most recent increase in fuel prices announced on Monday. This report was released by Moody’s.

Food costs have increased in the nation, where the vast majority is experiencing an unprecedented crisis due to the high cost of living, following the government’s earlier presentation of a budget that included a large increase in income tax for the salaried classes and the implementation of GST on commodities like milk.

The most recent comments were made following Islamabad’s achievement of a staff-level agreement for a $7 billion contract that spans 37 months and is contingent upon final approval by the IMF Executive Board.

It states that Pakistan will need foreign financing totaling about $21 billion in 2024–2025 and $23 billion in 2025–2026, meaning that the country’s present $9.4 billion in reserves won’t be sufficient to cover its needs.

Therefore, according to Moody’s, Pakistan is in an alarming position with regard to its external debt, and the next three to five years will be extremely difficult for the formulation and implementation of policies.

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Base Of bilateral relations: China And Pakistan Reiterate Their Support For CPEC




China-Pakistan economic corridor is a major project of the Belt and Road Initiative, and both countries have reiterated their commitment to it. It remains a fundamental aspect of their bilateral relations.

Vice Chairman Zhao Chenxin of the National Development and Reform Commission of China and Minister Ahsan Iqbal of Planning and Development met in Beijing, where Ahsan Iqbal made this assurance.

The summit made clear how committed China and Pakistan are to advancing their strategic cooperative partnership in all weather conditions.

The focus of the discussion was on how the CPEC was going, with both parties reviewing project development and discussing how the agreement made at the leadership level will lead to the launch of an enhanced version of the CPEC.

In order to improve trade, connectivity, and socioeconomic growth in the area, they emphasised the need of CPEC projects.

The Ml-I Project, the KKH realignment, and the Sukkur-Hyderabad motorway—the last remaining segment of the Karachi-Peshawar motorway network—were all to be expedited.

Expanding the partnership’s horizons to include technology, innovation, education, connectivity, and renewable energy sources was another topic of discussion.

Specifically in the special economic zones being built under the Comprehensive Economic Cooperation (CPEX), Vice Chairman NDRC emphasised the possibility of China investing more in Pakistan.

In addition to expressing confidence in the ongoing success of the two nations’ collaboration, Zhao Chenxin reiterated China’s support for Pakistan’s development aspirations.

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9th Muharram: Processions Happen Throughout the Nation Today Under Strict Security




Nineth Muharram: Today, the nation observes the ninth day of Muharram with the appropriate seriousness and respect, honouring the ultimate sacrifice made by Hazrat Imam Hussain (RA) and his followers.

In addition to Tazia and Alam processions being held in certain cities, Majalis will take place in all major and minor cities.

A thorough traffic and security strategy for the ninth day of Ramadan has been finalised by the Islamabad police.

Starting from the Imambargah at G/6-2, the main 9 Muharram al haram procession will travel a predetermined itinerary before ending back at its starting position.

The traffic measures are in place to guarantee the parade proceeds smoothly. General traffic will not be allowed on the route that runs from Fazal Haq Road, Polyclinic, to Kulsoom Plaza.
Today, amid strict security, there are processions across the nation.

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