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PSX weekly review: KSE-100 index posts highest weekly gain in two years

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  • Benchmark KSE-100 index surges 4.9% during the week.
  • Gains come on the back of clarity on the political front.
  • A weekly rally of a similar extent was last witnessed in April 2020.

KARACHI: The outgoing week proved to be an outstanding one for the stock market as it recorded phenomenal gains on the back of clarity on the political front.

The KSE-100 index surged 4.9%, marking the highest week-on-week increase in two years, to settle at 46,601 points. A weekly rally of a similar extent was last witnessed in April 2020.

In the outgoing week, the market roared back after political clarity emerged. Following Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif’s oath-taking ceremony, the new coalition government began work to tackle the economy.

Moreover, the rupee recovered against the dollar at a rapid pace, marking a 3.6% appreciation. Additionally, the country received record-high remittances this month clocking in at $28.3 billion, showing a 28% increase month-on-month, on account of Ramadan and Eid.

Other major developments during the week were: SBP’s reserves slip below $11 billion, banks approved Rs180 billion in housing loans, Pakistan Telecommunication Authority (PTA) renewed mobile operator licence for $486 million, cars’ sales surged 53.78% in nine months, Rs1 billion Islamic finance facility for renewable energy power plants, weekly inflation witnessed the biggest rise since November.

Meanwhile, foreign buying was witnessed this week, clocking in at $1.29 million against a net sell of $3.78 million recorded last week. Buying was witnessed in technology ($2.21 million), and fertiliser ($1.16 million).

On the domestic front, major selling was reported by a mutual fund ($9.89 million), followed by insurance companies ($7.76 million).

During the week under review, average volumes clocked in at 477 million shares (up by 213% week-on-week), while average value trade settled at $66.3 million (up by 135.6% week-on-week).

Major gainers and losers of the week

Sector-wise positive contributions came from commercial banks (+395 points), fertiliser (+292 points), technology and communication (+268 points), cement (+241 points), and refinery (+129 points). On the flip side, negative contributions came from real estate investment trust (-2.19 points), and vanaspati and allied industries (-1.55 points).

Scrip-wise major gainers were Engro Corporation (+152 points), TRG Pakistan (+136 points), Meezan Bank (+122 points), HBL (+85 points) and Systems Limited (+80 points). Meanwhile, major losers were Colgate-Palmolive (-14 points), Faysal Bank (-10.88 points), Fatima Fertilisers (-4.74 points), Allied Bank (-3.18 points), and Dolmen City REIT (-2.19 points).

Outlook for next week

A report from AHL predicted: “We expect the market to remain positive in the upcoming week. With the commencement of the result season and clarity on the political front, certain sectors and scrips are expected to stay under the limelight.”

“Furthermore, we are expecting the rollover of Chinese loans worth $2.3 billion and IMF negotiations, will help bolster our foreign exchange reserves.,” it said, adding that any dip in oil prices should also have a positive impact on the equity bourse.

“The KSE-100 is currently trading at a PER of 5.0x (2022) compared to the Asia-Pacific regional average of 11.5x while offering a dividend yield of 8.3% versus 2.6% offered by the region,” the brokerage house stated.

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Pakistan’s gold price increases by an additional Rs. 800 per tola.

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The price of yellow metal in the local market hit Rs247,300 on the first working day of the week, following a rise of Rs800 in a single day.

The cost of ten grams of 24-karat gold increased by Rs686 on Monday, making the current price Rs212,020.

In addition, the cost of 10 grams of 22-karat gold increased significantly, trading at Rs194,351.

These fluctuations are strongly correlated with shifts in the US dollar’s value, demonstrating the tight connection between gold prices and exchange rates. This emphasizes how local gold markets are impacted by variables related to the global economy.

The price of the precious metal dropped $16 on the international market on Monday, hitting $2,348 per ounce.

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A delegation from Pakistan travels to the US to bargain with the IMF for a new loan.

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The Pakistani delegation consists of the Governor of the State Bank of Pakistan, the Secretary of Finance, the Additional Secretary, and other individuals.

The Finance Minister was greeted at the airport by Pakistan’s Ambassador to the United States, Masood Khan, and Embassy staff.

The Finance Minister will meet with representatives of the World Bank and IMF while he is in the US.

The IMF and Pakistan are expected to negotiate next week, according to sources.

Sources claim that Islamabad will apply for a new credit package from the IMF.

The Finance Minister’s itinerary also includes meetings with members of think tanks and the world press.

Last month, Pakistan and the IMF came to a staff-level agreement over the third and final review of the $3 billion stand-by arrangement. Should the board of the global lender approve this deal, Pakistan will get approximately $1.1 billion.

Although a specific date has not been determined, the IMF board is anticipated to evaluate the case in late April, according to a spokeswoman.

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Pakistan’s petrol prices are anticipated to rise.

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The Oil and Gas Regulatory Authority (OGRA) will not disclose the anticipated increase in fuel prices until its work is finished, according to sources.

Prime Minister Shehbaz Sharif will receive the summary of the petrol price, and sources further stated that the new pricing will be revealed following his approval today.

Noteworthy to highlight is that Pakistan was previously ordered by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to impose an 18% General Sales Tax (GST) on gasoline.

Details indicate that Pakistan was requested by the Monetary Fund to stop reducing sales tax on all goods, including gasoline.

To boost tax revenue, Pakistan’s recently elected government should impose a sales tax on petroleum items in addition to a Rs 60 charge.

High-speed diesel (HSD) was reduced by Rs3.32 per litre on March 31 but petrol prices increased by Rs9.66 per litre by the government.

In contrast to the reduction in the price of high-speed diesel (HSD) to Rs282.24 from Rs278.92, the price of gasoline jumped to Rs289.41 per litre.

The adjustments were brought about by a commensurate increase in the price of gasoline and a decline in the price of HSD on the global market, according to a statement released by the Finance Ministry.

According to the statement, the adjustment was made in accordance with government policy, which transfers pricing differences from the foreign market to the home market.

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